"Smoked Yankees" and the Struggle for Empire


Letters from Negro Soldiers, 1898–1902
Willard B. Gatewood, Jr.
978-0-938626-88-6 (paper)
July 1987


Add to Cart

Called upon for the first time during the Spanish-American War to render military service outside the United States, negro soldiers (called “smoked Yankees” by the Spaniards) tell their compelling story through letters sent back to U.S. newspapers.

You may also like…