The First Twenty-Five


An Oral History of the Desegregation of Little Rock’s Public Junior High Schools
Edited by LaVerne Bell-Tolliver
312 pages, 6 × 9
978-1-68226-047-0 (cloth)
February 2018


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“It was one of those periods that you got through, as opposed to enjoyed. It wasn’t an environment that . . . was nurturing, so you shut it out. You just got through it. You just took it a day at a time. You excelled if you could. You did your best. You felt as though the eyes of the community were on you.”—Glenda Wilson, East Side Junior High

Much has been written about the historical desegregation of Little Rock Central High School by nine African American students in 1957. History has been silent, however, about the students who desegregated Little Rock’s five public junior high schools—East Side, Forest Heights, Pulaski Heights, Southwest, and West Side—in 1961 and 1962.

The First Twenty-Five gathers the personal stories of these students some fifty years later. They recall what it was like to break down long-standing racial barriers while in their early teens—a developmental stage that often brings emotional vulnerability. In their own words, these individuals share what they saw, heard, and felt as children on the front lines of the civil rights movement, providing insight about this important time in Little Rock, and how these often painful events from their childhoods affected the rest of their lives.

Listen to LaVerne Bell-Tolliver interviewed on KUAR.

LaVerne Bell-Tolliver, herself one of the “first twenty-five,” is an associate professor at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock School of Social Work. She has worked in the fields of mental health and child protective services and is senior pastor of Bullock Temple Christian Methodist Episcopal Church in Little Rock.

“LaVerne Bell-Tolliver focuses on stories that haven’t been told before, which automatically makes them important for just about any community. I almost think those stories could be about anything—childhood games, ghost stories, eccentric relatives—and she could have written a version of this book. But her work has special power because it concerns the entry of some brave people into the previously forbidden world of the white schools. This is an important book.”
—David Stricklin, Director, Butler Center for Arkansas Studies

“LaVerne Bell-Tolliver’s work is a critical benchmark for American ethnographies; her narrative is deeply revealing, accessible, sensitive, and insightful. This is an illuminating text for all scholars interested in how ethnic groups undergo and experience social change through key moments in American history. As such, this work will likely inspire generations of scholarship in cultural history and social ecology in Arkansas, the American South, and beyond.”
—Justin M. Nolan, associate professor and chair, Department of Anthropology, University of Arkansas

Feb. 3 – Pyramid Books, 1001 Wright Avenue, Little Rock, 2:00 pm

Feb. 4 – Bullock Temple, 1513 S. Park Street, Little Rock, 2:00 pm

Feb. 15 – UALR Anderson Institute on Race and Ethnicity, 2801 S. University, Little Rock, 3:00 pm

Feb. 26 – ALLPS School of Innovation, 2350 Old Farmington Road, Fayetteville, 6-8 pm

June 6 – Butler Center Legacies and Lunch, Main Library Darragh Center, 100 Rock St., noon

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