The Southern Elite and Social Change


Essays in Honor of Willard B. Gatewood, Jr.
Edited by Randy Finley and Tom DeBlack
978-1-55728-720-5 (paper)
July 2002


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Elites have shaped southern life and communities, argues the distinguished historian Willard Gatewood. These essays—written by Gatewood’s colleagues and former students in his honor—explore the influence of particular elites in the South from the American Revolution to the Little Rock integration crisis. They discuss not only the power of elites to shape the experiences of the ordinary people, but the tensions and negotiations between elites in a particular locale, whether those elites were white or black, urban or rural, or male or female. Subjects include the particular kinds of power available to black elites in Savannah, Georgia, during the American Revolution; the transformation of a southern secessionist into an anti-slavery activist during the Civil War; a Tennessee “aristocrat of color” active in politics from Reconstruction to World War II; middle-class Southern women, both black and white, in the New Deal and the Little Rock integration crisis; and the different brands of paternalism in Arkansas plantations during the Jacksonian and Jim Crow eras and in the postwar Georgia carpet industry.

Willard B. Gatewood’s published works span political, intellectual, social, cultural, economic, military, ethnic, and even environmental history. His focus on the impact of the elite in history began with his first published monograph about a North Carolina educator, Eugene Clyde Brooks, and culminated in Aristocrats of Color: The Black Elite, 1880—1920, first published by Indiana University Press in 1991 and reprinted by the University of Arkansas Press in 2000.

Randy Finley is an associate professor of history at Georgia Perimeter College. He has won fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History. He is the author of From Slavery to Uncertain Freedom: The Freedmen’s Bureau in Arkansas, 1865—1869, which won a commendation from the American Association for State and Local History.

Thomas A. DeBlack is an associate professor of history at Arkansas Tech University and the author of With Fire and Sword: Arkansas, 1861-1874.

James C. Cobb is the B. Phinizy Spalding Distinguished Professor of the History of the American South at the University of Georgia. He is the author of many books, including Redefining Southern Culture: Mind and Identity in the Modern South and The Most Southern Place on Earth: The Mississippi Delta and the Roots of Regional Identity. He was president of the Southern Historical Association in 1999.