Philadelphia sports—anchored by the Eagles, Flyers, Phillies, and 76ers—have a long, and sometimes tortured, history. Philly fans have booed more than their share and have earned a reputation as some of the most hostile in the country. They’ve been known, so the tales go, to jeer Santa Claus and cheer at the injury of an opposing player.
Strangely though, much of America’s perception of Philadelphia sports has been shaped by a fictional figure: Rocky. The series of Hollywood films named after their title character has told and retold the Cinderella story of an underdog boxer rising up against long odds. One could plausibly make the argument that Rocky is Philadelphia’s most famous athlete.
Beyond the major sports franchises and Rocky, lesser-known athletic competition in Philadelphia offers much to the interested observer. The city’s boxing culture, influence on Negro Leagues baseball, role in establishing interscholastic sport, and leadership in the rise of cricket all deserve and receive close investigation in this new collection. Philly Sports combines primary research and personal experiences—playing in the Palestra, scouting out the tombstones of the city’s best athletes, enjoying the fervor of a Philadelphia night with a local team in pursuit of a championship title. The essence of Philadelphia sport, and to a certain extent the city itself, is distilled here.
Ryan Swanson is an assistant professor and director of the Lobo Scholars Program at the University of New Mexico. He has written widely on sport in America and is the author of When Baseball Went White: Reconstruction, Reconciliation, and Dreams of a National Pastime.
David K. Wiggins is a professor and codirector of the Center for the Study of Sport and Leisure in Society at George Mason University. He is the editor, coeditor, or author of many books, including, most recently, DC Sports: The Nation’s Capital at Play.
“Swanson and Wiggins have assembled a collection of ambitious scope and compelling topics that will interest scholars and laypersons alike.”
—Journal of Sport History, Fall 2017
“As noted, Philly Sports successfully complicates the city’s ‘underdog ethos.’ … Philly’s greatest underdog is not a Philly underdog because, as the contributions to this collection illustrate, the city’s underdog identity is a continually constructed interpretation of the sporting reality as experienced by (primarily white) men. The fact that many of the chapters concern the late 1960s and early 1970s, a historical moment when masculinity was being redefined due to African American’s struggle for equality and the rise of second wave feminism, further attests to the constructed, historically-specific nature of the city’s underdog definition. Overtime, this definition may shift, opening a space for Washington and other influential sportswomen such as Dawn Staley and Mo’ne Davis. But for now, Philly Sports remains men’s sports (and, for the sake of Sixers’ fans, let’s hope Ben Simmons can join this legacy).”
—Sport in American History, August 2016
“This book offers an engaging variety of topics for Philly fans, and non-Philly fans, that span sports in the city from colonial times to the current day. It covers the topics of race, gender, social class, and ethnicity in a fashion helpful to scholars and yet accessible to the general public, allowing readers to gain an intimate knowledge of the city and its residents. It is a welcome addition to the annals of urban history.”
—Gerald R. Gems, past president, North American Society for Sport History
1. Wickedness and the Holy Experiment: Sports in Colonial Philadelphia
2. Black Baseball’s Pioneers: The Philadelphia Pythians
Michael E. Lomax
3. Philadelphia Cricket Comes of Age: The Movement for Consolidation and Centralization, 1874–95
J. Thomas Jable
4. How Did They Compete?: Philadelphia High School Girls’ Sports, 1904–44
5. The Philadelphia Eagles, the Crisis of Post–World War II Masculinity, and the Rise of Pro Football, 1946–60
Stephen H. Norwood
6. Bigger Than His Britches: Wilt Chamberlain and Philadelphia
7. The Philadelphia Jewish Y’s: Sport and Physical Health in American Culture
Linda J. Borish
8. “Blood Stirs the Fight Crowd”: Making and Marking Joe Frazier’s Philadelphia
Andrew R. M. Smith
9. Philadelphia’s Greatest Sports Hero?: The Case for Rocky Balboa
10. Making Ice (Hockey) in Philadelphia: Leadership, Organization, and the Tale of Two NHL Franchises
11. The Game That Made Penn Basketball Great: Penn vs. Villanova, January 1969
12. More Than “An Ugly Cement Doughnut”: Veterans Stadium and the Philadelphia Phillies
13. Philadelphia’s Buried Treasures
14. The Penn Relays: Celebrating the “Black Woodstock of West Philly”
15. A Philadelphia Nocturne
Sport, Culture, and Society seeks to promote a greater understanding of the aforementioned issues and many others. Recognizing sport’s powerful influence and ability to change people’s lives in significant and important ways, the series focuses on topics ranging from urbanization and community development to biography and intercollegiate athletics. It includes both monographs and anthologies that are characterized by excellent scholarship, accessible to a wide audience, and interesting and thoughtful in design and interpretations. Singular features of the series are authors and editors representing a variety of disciplinary areas and who adopt different methodological approaches. The series also includes works by individuals at various stages of their careers, both sport studies scholars of outstanding talent just beginning to make their mark on the field and more experienced scholars of sport with established reputations.